How Pecans are Grown

Growing Pecans in… AlabamaArkansasArizonaCaliforniaFloridaGeorgiaKansasLouisianaMissouriMississippiNorth CarolinaNew MexicoOklahomaSouth CarolinaTexas

Pecans are grown commercially in 15 states in the southern U.S. including Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Carolina and Texas.

All varieties are derived from the native U.S. pecan, which grew wild in North America for millions of years. U.S. pecan growers have developed new cultivars with natural non-GMO methods to ensure consistent superior quality.

Pecans are grown in groves or orchards of trees. Groves are groupings of trees that are grown naturally, while orchards are defined as groups of trees planted by humans. Trees in both settings are cared for by dedicated, experienced growers, and can live for many years.

It takes between 7 to 10 years before a pecan tree begins to produce a full supply of nuts.  But once the process starts, the tree can product for a very long time, sometimes more than 100 years.

But once the process starts, the tree can produce for a very long time, sometimes more than…

100 years!

PBS shares how pecans are grown in a new video featuring farmer Dr. Randy Hudson of Hudson Pecan Company.

Learn about pecan nutrition, flavors, and how China is influencing the demand for US pecans.

World’s Leading Producer

The U.S. is the world’s leading producer of pecans, harvesting on average between 250 million pounds (over 110,000 metric tons) and 300 million pounds (nearly 140,000 metric tons) each year.  American pecans constitute some 80% of the world market. The top pecan-producing states are Georgia, New Mexico and Texas.

The U.S. produces on average between 250 and 300 million pounds of pecans every year, which is about 80% of the world’s pecan supply.

Did you know...

Through careful handling and state-of-the-art storage, American pecans are available year-round.

Pecan Growing Season

The pecan harvest season starts in the eastern U.S. in September/October, and gradually moves westward. Some states such as Arizona may harvest as late as March. The timing depends on the weather conditions from year to year.